30 Apr 2021
21 May 2021
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Violence Against Children (VAC) and Violence Against Women (VAW) have traditionally been understood as two distinct areas, and policies, programmes and research focusing on VAW and VAC have therefore failed to account for the significant intersections between the two forms of violence. As a result, practical measures such as funding streams, strategies, bodies of evidence and rights treaties continue to be developed in parallel processes. Although there is an emerging evidence base documenting the intersections between VAW and VAC, these studies are primarily concentrated in the Global North. As a result, a gap exists in both the literature and strategic programming when it comes to addressing the overlap between these forms of violence in the Global South. A global narrative review of the intersections of VAC and VAW was conducted by mapping these intersections based on international reviews and multi-country studies conducted between January 2004 and January 2015.1 Based on this review, Guedes and colleagues developed a framework outlining six pathways through which VAW and VAC intersect.
This framework has been used to inform the search strategy and design of this review. Building on the work of Guedes et al., this review aims to 1) use a systematic approach to provide updated evidence on pathways in which VAW and VAC intersect over the life course within the household; 2) focus on the Global South, and 3) provide a narrowed 6 focus on promising evaluated programmes addressing the intersections of VAW and VAC in the Africa region. Given the scarcity of research and programmes specifically focused on the intersections of violence in families within LMIC, there is a need to account for the co-occurrence of VAW and VAC and to identify key drivers such as social norms and gender inequality in settings characterised by structural adversities.