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Given the strong ties linking citizen security and the development of Latin America and the Caribbean, the Bank has been supporting efforts to tackle crime and violence. It has framed its work in citizen security through the establishment of specific guidelines (Operational Guidelines for Program Design and Execution in the Area of Civic Coexistence and Public Safety, GN-2535), which identify the Bank’s areas of support, as well as those outside its mandate and those for which it does not have a comparative advantage as a development institution. It has also developed the present Conceptual Framework, to complement the Operational Guidelines, by reviewing a group of concepts to provide focus, rationale, and tools to integrate and interpret information relevant to the citizen security policies and under the spectrum defined by the Guidelines.
The Conceptual Framework is intended as a tool toguide the analyses of the sector, drawing from a growing empirical knowledgebase of “what works” in crime and violence prevention.The framework presents “best bets,” programs, and interventions fromthe Latin American and Caribbean region and beyond, which have been rigorously evaluated, have proven to be effective, and can be tried and applied in the region. It should be continuously reevaluated, as knowledge of what works to prevent crime and violence increases. Existing evidence on what works and what does not is just the tip of the iceberg. Experts agree that hypothesis testing with a practical, evidence-based approach is the most promising route.