Developing Community Safety Plans. A Facilitators Manual

Developing Community Safety Plans. A Facilitators Manual – Learn how


Developing Community Safety Plans - A Facilitators Manual accompanies the guide Developing Community Safety Plans – A Guidebook for Provincial and Municipal Officials. Both were developed in the context of the South African – German Partnership on Inclusive Violence and Crime prevention. The South African Local Government Association (SALGA), with the support of the Deutschte Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit’s (GIZ) – Inclusive Violence and Crime Prevention Programme (VCP) and other partners, has developed a municipal capacity building training in community safety planning. The facilitators manual forms part of the training materials developed in this context which have been piloted in the Eastern Cape and the Gauteng provinces since 2016.

What is the purpose of this Facilitator’s Manual?

The purpose of this Facilitator’s Manual is to provide provincial and municipal officials with a quick and easy-to use guide for facilitating community participation in safety planning. It offers practical guidance on how to involve community members in each stage of the safety planning process in order to ensure that plans are grounded in a thorough understanding of the risks to safety in a particular community, and that programmes and interventions respond to the specific concerns of the people who live there. Although much has been written on the topic of community safety, this manual aims to provide facilitators with various activities and tools to use in their engagements with communities to ensure that interactions are meaningful and productive. The exercises contained in this manual are not exhaustive, so please refer to the Toolkit on Participatory Safety Planning and Making South Africa Safe: A Manual for Community-based Crime Prevention for additional activities to use with communities.

Who is this Facilitator’s Manual for?

This Facilitator’s Manual has been specifically designed for provincial and municipal officials responsible for developing community safety plans, as well as people involved in integrated development planning (IDPs) processes. Although provincial and local government have different responsibilities when it comes to building safer communities, both are required to facilitate community participation. Therefore, strengthening capacity within these two spheres of government to meaningfully engage with people is critical to ensuring that safety plans and IDPs are relevant and responsive to peoples’ needs. Although this manual has been designed for provincial and municipal officials, it can be used by any person and/or entity involved in safety planning. For example, people working for non-governmental organisations (NGOs), social service organisations, or other community-based initiatives may find this manual useful when designing safety programmes and/or interventions, or when evaluating the effectiveness of current community safety plans and other violence prevention initiatives.

Content of the manual

The Facilitator’s Manual is divided into five (5) chapters which each chapter containing example activities and exercises.

  • Chapter 1: Setting the scene for participation gives tips on how to create opportunities for participation as well as on the design of training workshops.
  • Chapter 2: Collecting data and information advises on what type of data and information to collect and how to move beyond crime statistics to inform evidence-based planning.
  • Chapter 3: Analysing the safety situation imparts a better understanding of the underlying drivers of violence by identifying which risk factors are present and which protective factors are absent in a given community.
  • Chapter 4: Planning safety initiatives provides tools on how to plan for prevention measures.
  • Chapter 5: Participatory monitoring and evaluation explains the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and elaborates the importance of participatory M&E.

How should the Facilitator’s Manual be used?

This Facilitator’s Manual should be used as a tool for provincial and municipal officials to use when developing community safety plans or when engaging in community safety activities or events, such as community safety audits, community dialogues, or the integration of safety principles into IDPs. In addition to informing the methodology and approach of community safety plans, this manual can also be used to involve community members when assessing:

(1) the impact and effectiveness of safety planning initiatives;

(2) the extent to which IDPs address issues of safety; and

(3) whether local and provincial government have facilitated meaningful participation by communities in safety planning activities.

Lastly, this manual can also be used as a source of information on available tools, handbooks, manuals and other promising practices to assist people in community safety planning and other violence-prevention initiatives.


For more information

If you'd like to receive more information, please contact:

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Inclusive Violence and Crime Prevention for Safer Public Spaces (VCP) Programme

Contact: Terence Smith